12 Landmark Judgements of Supreme Court

Indian Young Lawyer’s Association Versus Sate of Kerala

Supreme court in the Sabarimala case ruled that devotion cannot be subjected to gender discrimination.

Central public information officer, Supreme Court of India Vs Subhash Chandra Agarwal Case

A five-judge Constitution Bench of Supreme Court declared that the Office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) is a ‘public authority’ under the Right to Information (RTI) Act.

Ayodhya Verdict

The SC has allotted the entire 2.77 acre disputed land for temple construction. The court has also ordered that suitable alternative land, measuring 5 acres, will be allotted for setting up mosque.

Navtej Singh Johar Versus Union of India

Supreme court struck down 157-Year-Old Law which Criminalizes Consensual Homo-Sexual Acts Between Adults. The 5 Judge Bench declared Section 377 IPC unconstitutional, insofar as it criminalizes consensual sexual acts of adults in private.

Justice K.S. Puttuswamy and Anr. Versus Union of India & Ors.

Sections 33(2),47& 57 Of Aadhaar Act Struck Down; National Security Exception Gone; Private Entities Cannot Demand Aadhaar Data. Aadhaar is constitutional but making it mandatory for availing government services was unconstitutional. Banks, telecom companies cannot make it mandatory for users to link their Aadhaar with their mobile phones and bank accounts.

Shayara Bano Versus Union of India

Supreme court ruled that Triple Talaq is unconstitutional.

Golaknath Versus State of Punjab 1967

Supreme Court ruled that Parliament could not restrict any of the Fundamental Rights of individuals enshrined in the Constitution.

Keshavananda Bharti Versus State of Kerala 1973

Golaknath case was overruled and parliament recaptured the power of amending and by virtue of the amending power cannot change the basic structure of the Constitution.

Minerva Mills Versus Union of India 1980

Fortified the idea of the basic structure which was put forward earlier in the Keshavananda Bharti Case.

Indra Sawhney Versus Union of India 1992

It defined the “creamy layer” criteria and uphold the execution of the recommendations made by the Mandal Commission.

SR Bommai Versus Union of India 1994

This has created major repercussion on Centre-State relations.

Vishaka Versus State of Rajasthan 1997

Introduction of Vishaka Guidelines and provided basic definitions of sexual harassment at the workplace.

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