Physical Geography Questions and Answers

The colour of the star is an indication of its

  • (a) Distance from the earth
  • (b) Distance from the sun
  • (c) Temperature
  • (d) Luminosity

The planet nearest to the sun is

  • (a) Mercury
  • (b) Earth
  • (c) Venus
  • (d) Pluto

(a) Mercury. The planet nearest to the sun is mercury. Mercury is the smallest and closest to the Sun of the eight planets in the Solar System, with an orbital period of about 88 Earth days.

The group of stars arranges in a definite pattern is called

  • (a) Milky Way
  • (b) Constellation
  • (c) Andromeda
  • (d) Solar System

(b) Constellation. The group of stars arranged in a definite patter is called constellation. In modern astronomy, a constellation is an internationally defined area of the celestial sphere. These areas are grouped around asterisms, which are patterns formed by prominent stars within apparent proximity to one another on Earth’s night sky.

The asteroid belt is found between which of the following?

  • (a) Earth and Mars
  • (b) Jupiter and Saturn
  • (c) Mars and Jupiter
  • (d) Saturn and Uranus

(c) Mars and Jupiter. The Asteroid belt is found between Mars and Jupiter. The large marjority of known asteroids orbit in the asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, or are co-orbital with Jupiter.

Which planet takes longest time to go around the sun?

  • (a) Earth
  • (b) Jupiter
  • (c) Uranus
  • (d) Neptune

Neptune takes the longest time to go around the Sun. Neptune orbits the Sun at an average distance of 4.5 billion km. Like all the planets in the Solar System, Neptune follows an elliptical path around the Sun, varying its distance to the Sun at different points along its orbit.

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